Common Themes

Human Error

The flight crew did not communicate their critical fuel situation to ATC as an emergency.  They did not use crew resource management techniques to act on their critical fuel situation to be approved for an emergency landing.

Flawed Assumptions

The design and regulatory requirements for the certification of the Boeing 707 (and other contemporary aircraft) mandated a 9g static seat capability which was shown to be inadequate in this accident. Since this accident, and other similar accidents, a 16g dynamic seat standard has been adopted which has resulted in a significant safety benefit in this type of accident.

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