Prevailing Cultural / Organizational Factors

Photo of wreckage
Photo of wreckage
Photo copyright Jeff Schroeder - used with permission

The captain had significantly more overall flying time, as well as much more time in this type of aircraft, than either the first officer or the flight engineer. This may have made these subordinate crew members more likely to rely upon, and less likely to openly question, the captains decisions.

At this point in commercial aviation history, a serial "chain of command" approach to cockpit resource management was more the norm than it is today. This also may have led to greater reliance on the captain's decision making. In any case, this accident played a pivotal role in identifying the need for a more parallel "team" approach to cockpit resource management as well as greater assertiveness on the part of subordinate crew members.

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