Prevailing Cultural / Organizational Factors

At the time of this accident, JFK was rapidly expanding and was attempting to balance a number of potentially conflicting interests. The airport serves a large metropolitan area and has high demands for a large traffic volume. The area is also on the sea coast that is habitat to a vast population of wildlife, a significant portion of which is birds of various species. Areas adjacent to the airport are designated as wildlife sanctuaries. Further, much of the airport was constructed on landfill that had previously been refuse collection areas, and active garbage dumps were near airport property. The garbage dumps attract a large number of birds, especially gulls. In order to fulfill the desires of the metropolitan area for convenient and frequent air travel, the airport had to develop a robust wildlife control program in order to prevent accidents between aircraft and wildlife and to also protect the many native wildlife species that reside in the adjacent sanctuary areas.

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